Introduction. At the end of 2022, the academic and pedagogical community around the world was concerned about the launch of ChatGPT, a chatbot with artificial intelligence and extensive automatic text generation capabilities, which were instantly and effectively tested by individual students, but for not the noblest purposes. Along with the concern, an understanding appeared that the matter of the pedagogical capabilities of ChatGPT for the development of cognitive activity of students is extremely relevant and requires careful study, and the use of artificial intelligence in education opens up many prospects.
Aim. To investigate the pedagogical opportunities of neural networks, exemplified by ChatGPT, for the development of cognitive activity of higher education students.
Methods. Theoretical sociological methods (analysis, synthesis, generalisation, induction, and deduction) and general scientific methods of empirical research (pedagogical observation, description, survey).
Results. The research provides a definition of the concept “cognitive activity.” Pedagogical opportunities of using ChatGPT for cognitive activity development are identified, especially those related to information search, perception, and processing: fostering critical thinking, creativity, cognitive interest, motivation to learn, reflexivity, and skills development related to individual disciplines. The advantages and disadvantages of using ChatGPT in the educational process are studied.
Scientific novelty. At present, numerous studies focus on the application of neural networks in various fields, yet the use of such networks in education is a relatively new direction. This work aims to identify new approaches to teaching and fostering cognitive activity of students, ultimately enhancing the effectiveness of education.
Practical significance. The investigation of the pedagogical potential of ChatGPT for the development of cognitive activity in students has practical significance for refining teaching and education methods, devising new educational models, and improving the quality of education and cognitive skills development of students. The research findings can be utilised by educators, curriculum designers, and technology developers to enhance existing teaching methods, create new ones, and broaden the boundaries of knowledge. Furthermore, the research results can be applied to the development of intellectual systems.