Introduction. Despite record employment growth in Russia in 2023, the issue of youth unemployment remains highly relevant. Young people are particularly vulnerable in the labour market compared to other age groups. Russian and international studies have confirmed a significant relationship between the employment of young people and their level of education.
Aim. The aim of this study is to analyse the influence of the educational level of Russian youth on their employment rates and how this is affected by external factors.
Methods. The study implemented a dynamic comparative analysis of various factors determining the employment of young people in 2022 compared to 2019. This involved calculating correlations and regression models based on primary data from the consolidated budget of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, as well as statistics from Rosstat, the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia, and the Ministry of Labour of Russia. The analysis was conducted upon three groups of regions based on the author’s clustering methodology..
Results. The study revealed the links between the status of young people with different levels of education in the labour market and socio-economic factors, as well as the impact of the education system on employment and economic activity indicators in 2022 compared to 2019.
Scientific novelty. The unique methodology of clustering the Russian Federation subjects allowed for a dynamic analysis of indicators from 2019 to 2022, grouping regions not only based on socio-economic development but also other factors affecting the population’s status in the labour market, particularly educational parameters.
Practical significance. The study’s findings will help to specify factors influencing the employment of youth with different levels of education in different regions, ultimately increasing the effectiveness of social policies aimed at activating youth in the labour market.
Introduction. The primary goal of the vocational education system is to prepare personnel for regional economies. It is evident that this preparation should align with the prospective regional and industry-specific personnel needs. However, since the early 1990s, education has been funded not only by the state but also through contracts for paid educational services, based on the personal preferences of applicants and their families. This shift has led to a potentially imbalanced structure in the preparation of specialists. Therefore, analysing the correspondence between the structure of midlevel specialist (MLS) training and the personnel needs of a region’s economy, including the Far East, becomes crucial.
Aim. To conduct an analysis of the correspondence between the structure of MLS training and the personnel needs of the Far Eastern Federal District’s economy and its constituent regions.
Methods. The analysis involved comparing the share of specific aggregated groups of specialties and training directions (AGST) in the structure of admissions to MLS programmes with the share of individuals employed in organisations related to corresponding types of economic activities. Using different classifiers and having specialists of various professions employed in organisations related to different types of economic activity led to an ambiguity in comparing necessary data. MLS training was deemed deficient/excessive if the share in the admission structure to corresponding AGST deviated from the share in the employed structure by two or more times.
Results. In most regions of the Far East, MLS training systems are loosely or only partially connected to industrial economic systems. In the future, all regions in the district may face an excess of specialists with secondary vocational education in information and communication, and over half may have an excess in the healthcare system. Four subjects may experience a shortage of personnel for trade-oriented organisations. The identified disproportions cannot be rectified through a deficit/excess of similar specialists in other regions of the district.
Scientific novelty. Specific types of economic activities have been identified for which MLS training is deficient/excessive compared to the demand for such specialists.
Practical significance. The findings of the study can be used by state and regional authorities in allocating admission quotas for MLS training in specific AGSTs. They can also aid in making decisions to enhance the alignment of the training structure with the prospective needs of the regional economy in the system of secondary vocational education.
Introduction. The social and economic development of a country or a specific region is accompanied by the development of creative industries, which are gaining increasing importance not only in people’s everyday lives, but also as an important and stimulating sector of the economy. However, there is currently no established understanding of the organisation of human resources in this important sector of the economy, which is a relevant socio-economic and pedagogical problem. The first and necessary step in solving this problem is the conceptual definition of the creative industries themselves, which many specialists discuss. It is time to draw some conclusions.
Aim. The identification of guidelines for organizing the training of personnel for creative industries is based on the conceptual definition of the creative industries as a distinct sector of the economy implementing a unique scenario of socio-economic reproduction.
Methods. In the course of the research, various methods such as explication of meanings, conceptual analysis, discourse analysis, reflexive integration, conceptual reconstruction, and theoretical modelling were utilised. Additionally, communication with practitioners and theorists of creative industries played a significant role in the study.
Results. The study showed that creative industries are a constant component of socio-economic reproduction in any era, mediating the transition to industrial (mass and standardized) reproduction of some results of cultural creativity. This sector of the economy, which is transitional in nature and essence, has become rapidly widespread in the last two centuries, which continues today. The organisation of personnel training for creative industries is itself a sector within the creative industries, originating from private initiatives and depending on them for support. Over time, this type of training may either diminish in its local iterations or evolve into a standardized, mass-produced mode of personnel training.
Scientific novelty lies in identifying the specifics of creative industries not by the characteristics of their products and/or the technologies used in them, which is the predominant approach, but by the nature of their dominant type of labour.
Practical significance. The identified guidelines will allow organisers of personnel training for creative industries to choose their strategy based not only on compliance with existing requirements, standards, and benchmarks, but also on creating conditions for the expression of creativity in students, their willingness to take justified creative risks, and their accountability for the outcomes.
Introduction. Training in the field of quality management, meeting the qualification requirements of employers, is unlikely to be possible solely within the framework of existing BA and MA programmes. And the reason here lies not only, and not so much, in the mismatch of educational standards to qualification requirements, but rather in the specificity of the activities of a metrology specialist, for mastering which a special educational trajectory is required.
The aim of the study isto identify approaches to the formation of qualification requirements for an engineer in metrology based on an analysis of the relationship between professional and educational standards and in accordance with the requests of employers.
Methods. As a methodological approach to determining the composition and structure of qualification characteristics of metrologists, the taxonomy of B.Bloom was used, and the main method of research was the content analysis of scientific publications of authors studying the experience of combining professional and educational standards and regulatory and technical documentation regulating the activities of metrologists, supplemented by an analysis of empirical data obtained as a result of a survey of expert practitioners.
Results. The study indicated the differences in approaches to determining the structure and content of professional characteristics of graduates of higher education and the requirements described in the professional standard. It also highlighted the role of special educational programmes for further vocational training in shaping the trajectory of advanced training for metrology specialists. Furthermore, it emphasised the necessity of aligning employers’ requests with educational results in order to improve both the design quality of products and the formation of sought-after metrology specialists.
Scientific novelty. The article establishes a difference in qualification requirements for metrologists from the perspectives of the labour market and educational results established by the Federal state educational standard. Additionally, it formulates an understanding of the analytical expert activity of metrology specialists.
Practical significance. The scheme of interconnection of components of educational space and labour market requests presented in the article can be used in determining the composition and content of professional and specialised competencies of specialists-metrologists for expert activities taking into account the specifities of the production.
Introduction. Such important concepts as conscience, common sense, reputation, justice, due to their abstractness and ambiguity, are used less and less in the practice of labor activity. The situation that has arisen provokes the emergence of so-called “ethical temptations,” when in order to satisfy their questionable needs, employees are ready to distort not only the meanings of their work, but also significantly reduce their opportunities for development and self-realisation in labour.
The aim of the study is to substantiate the need to include “ethical risks” in professiograms and psychograms.
Methods. Comparative analysis of report topics at Russian scientific and practical conferences on career guidance; theoretical and methodological analysis of scientific publications on the subject of research; elements of an expert survey.
Results. The study clarified concepts of “conscience” and “common sense”, indicated their connection with such closely related concepts as “image” and “reputation” of an employee, as well as with the concepts of “justice” and “self-esteem”. Examples of professions with increased risks of “dealing with conscience” and ignoring common sense were provided. External and internal factors that provoke disregard for common sense by employees in different professions are also highlighted.
Practical significance. It seems appropriate to gradually include aspects reflecting ethical risks in career guidance programmes intended for various ages and educational levels
Introduction. Since the start of the 2023–2024 academic year, all schools in Russia have implemented a career guidance minimum (grades 6–11). This unified model of professional orientation for schoolchildren is characterised by its relevance, accessibility, and overall alignment with the educational professional orientation paradigm. However, there are some deficits and contradictions in the existing concept of the professional orientation minimum that need to be addressed for its further development.
Aim: to analyse the strengths and weaknesses of the current model of the career guidance minimum and to determine and justify possible directions for its future development based on the analysis.
Methods. The study is based on a comparative analysis of the concepts of “educational professional orientation” and “career guidance minimum”, as well as empirical data collection through the study of literary sources, observation, and collection of expert opinions. The synthesis method and pedagogical design were also employed.
Results. The study identifies risks and potential negative scenarios in the development of the career guidance minimum due to its complex and convergent nature. The study also identifies key directions for the short and medium-term development of the career guidance minimum, including the design of variable models for supporting students’ professional self-determination, the introduction of formats such as cycles of professional testing and professional orientation networking, and the formation of elective mechanisms for completing specialised pre-professional classes based on pre-professional training.
Scientific novelty of the study lies in its reflection on the newly formulated phenomenon of the “career guidance minimum”, which has not yet been thoroughly explored in scientific literature.
Practical significance. he presented scientific results can be used to update methodological recommendations for the implementation of the career guidance minimum in the 2024-2025 academic year, as well as to facilitate discussion within scientific, educational, and career guidance communities.
Background. The extent to which secondary school students have developed professional orientation serves as a key indicator of their readiness for making professional choices. Concurrently, the structural aspects of professional orientation and the mechanisms contributing to its formation during ontogenesis remain inadequately explored. Additionally, there is a notable deficiency in empirical research within this domain.
The aim of the study is to theoretically and empirically support the framework of career guidance among older adolescents. Understanding this framework will facilitate predicting their professional future and identifying priority areas for the development of professional interests.
Methods. The study was conducted using the diagnostic complex “Proforientator.” Hierarchical cluster analysis was employed to identify groups of objects, and one-way analysis of variance was used to detect statistically significant differences among them.
Results. Theoretical analysis of approaches to the research problem allowed for the identification and description of components of professional orientation. The combination of these components determines the vector of personal resource application and shapes the outcome of professional self-determination – a conscious, motivated choice of a profession. The results of empirical research enabled the identification and description of three groups of adolescents, provisionally labelled as “Socionomists,” “Business Engineers,” and “Eco-Technologists.” These groups outline a set of typical professions and key competencies for each, accompanied by recommendations for their development.
Scientific novelty. The composition and content of the components within the structure of an individual’s professional orientation have been specified. Groups of older adolescents sharing similar structures of primary professional orientation have been identified and described.
Practical significance. The research findings can be applied to purposefully organise career guidance activities within the framework of educational and advisory paradigms.